Classification of dog breeds

Classification based on genetic principles

Among the entire array of the domestic dog from the early stages of rock formations there are the following groups of rocks. According to the canine is the most accurate representation of the entire array of dogs, in contrast to the classification according to user properties. 1. The wolf type is the most vivid representatives of it are the sled dogs of the North-East and Dingo. 2. Spaceopoly type — voskopodobnoe close to the original forms. This type was formed in the conditions of Northern taiga and evolved relatively isolated from dogs in other regions. 3. Goniometry type . Formation type have occurred in forest-steppe and steppe zones. The earliest is called Patagonia, because their basis was formed the actual hounds, greyhounds and Mastiff similar dogs. 4. Weedy type . Formed based on the etching of protogenic dogs in open spaces — deserts and dry steppes. 5. Mastiff similar dogs are large, formed for protection, the protective functions of the shepherd’s service.

Modern typological classification of dog breeds according to the genetic principle provide an allocation of 11 rock groups. 1. Canít move. these include Spitz, huskies and sled dogs. 2. Terriers. 3. Pinscher and Schnauzer. (the second and third groups arose in the middle ages from dogs canít move. 4. Mastiff similar dogs, vklyuchayuschimisya and Shorthair forms and large shepherd dogs. 5. Shepherd. 6. Hounds. 7. Cops. 8. Greyhounds. 9. Oriental decorative dogs. 10. Western lapdogs. 11. Dogs of the New world, before the coming of Europeans. 12. Dogs-pariahs. We they are commonly called stray, the stray dogs.

Classification by use.

Dog breeds can be divided into two main groups: hunting and neogotiki.

Hunting generally fall into several groups:

Hounds for search and pursuit of game.

The traps are designed for hunting winged game

Taxes. Dachshund “badger” (it. Dachs) and “dog” (it. Hund). Taxes are used to locate, harass and corral the badgers and other burrowing animals.

Retrievers – hunting dogs (“to retrieve” – locate and serve). The dog retrieves and brings to the hunter game.

Spaniels (eng. spaniel, from Spanish espanol – Spanish), a group of breeds of hunting dogs are used for hunting fowl in the marshes and thickets.

Hounds dog group of breeds of hunting dogs hunting, without gun for hunting (baiting) on animals.

The Terrier group of dogs intended for hunting burrowing animals and rodent control. (From the Latin terra — earth). Neogotiki conditionally divided into the following groups, and they could apply to several groups.

Guard dogs – dogs used for baiting other animals, or fights with other dogs.

The bulldogs appeared in England, was used in bull-bathe (baiting) hence arose the word bulldog – bull dog.

Decorative dog breed group allocated conditionally. Most species of this group have small or even very small dimensions. However, to call Royal poodle small dog …

Sled dogs – breeds (Samoyed, husky, Malamute) used as draft power for transportation of goods and people in a sleigh, sled.

Molossoid breeds – some dog breeds descending from the ancient Assyrian and Egyptian etching dogs.

Shepherd dogs – dogs used to protect livestock from wild animals. The main feature of their behavior – the ability of Stroget.

Etching the dogs used for baiting large animals.

Classification and exterior use

In accordance with the decision of the General Assembly of the FCI in Jerusalem in 1987, adopted the following breakdown of registered dog breeds into groups, which entered into force on 1 January 1990. Group 1 — shepherds (sheepdogs and cattle dogs, except Swiss cattle dogs). Group 2 — molossus (Mastiff similar), Swiss cattle dogs (cattle dogs), Pinscher and Schnauzer — (patrol, investigative, sporting and utility breeds). Group 3 — Terriers. Group 4 — dachshunds. Group 5 — the dog canít move. Group 6 — hounds and dogs that work on a blood trail. Group 7 — dogs, making the rack (gun dogs). 8 group — dogs, raising poultry, porterhouse her, and running on water (pointing dogs — except cops). Group 9 — room decorative dogs (companion dogs). 10 group — greyhounds.

Before this segregation of species was somewhat different, identified four groups of species.

1 group — Spitz and Northern dogs group 2 — Pinscher and Schnauzer group 3 — dogs and mastiffs group 4 — hounds, group 5 — shepherd and guard dog (Molossian breeds) group 6 — Sheepdog group 7 — hunting dog (gundog) group 8 — dachshunds and hounds 9 group — 10 group Terriers — poodles 11 group and room decorative dogs.

The British kennel club identifies six groups: 1 — hunting (hounds, greyhounds); 2 — present; 3 — Terriers; 4 — commercial breeds; 5 — guard breeds; 6 — room-decorative. .

The American kennel club distinguishes between seven groups: 1 — hunting (gun); 2 — hunting (hounds, greyhounds); 3 — working dogs (service); 4 Terriers; 5 — room ornamental (one); — desportiva dogs; 7 — herding dogs (sheepdogs);

Classification by size

Very small dogs. Growth of 30 cm or Weight less than 5 kg.

Small dogs. The growth of 30 – 40 cm Weight 5 – 10 kg.

Medium-sized dogs. Growth 40 – 56 cm Weight 10 – 20 kg.

Big dogs. Growth 56 – 65 cm Weight 20-30 kg.

Very large dogs. Height 65 – 75 cm Weight 30 – 50 kg.

Giant dogs. Growth of more than 75 cm Weight over 50 kg.

Classification of dog breeds by origin

Spitz, Pinscher and Terriers

Canít move the dog

These Spitz


Sled dogs

Terriers and bull Terriers

Pinscher and Schnauzer

Mastiff similar dogs

Large herding dogs

These short-haired dogs or fighting dogs

Long-haired dogs


Western greyhounds

South hounds

Northern greyhounds

Eastern greyhounds




These hounds

Blood hounds track



Continental pointing

English cops



Retrievers of American origin

Retrievers of European descent


Western lapdog

Eastern lapdog

Naked dog and lapdog of Central America

In the Nordic countries — eight groups:

1 — canít move; 2 — the hounds on a blood trail and the hounds; 3 — gun; 4 — watchdog and guard breeds; 5 — Terriers; b — greyhounds; 7 — neogotiki breed and companion dogs; 8 — room-decorative.

In Australia there are six groups:

1 — room decorative; 2 Terriers; 3 — gundog breeds; 4 — hunting dogs (hounds, greyhounds); 5 — utility breeds; 6 — neogotiki breed.

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