Feeding the puppy
To raise a dog with good conformation, it is necessary from puppyhood to adhere to the rules of good nutrition. Residues in food the puppy is not suitable because of the presence of spices. Your pet needs the following products: -meat (beef, horsemeat, lamb) -the fish of the sea and river (boiled) -eggs -milk, kefir, sour clotted milk,curds. vegetables (raw carrots, cabbage of all kinds, raw and cooked, parsley, onion, celery, garlic) fruits (in winter prunes, raisins) cereal (oatmeal, millet, buckwheat I. D. p)
For example, the daily diet one or two months of puppies of large breeds (boxer, collie, German shepherd, Doberman) should include: -meat 200-250g,including the insides (liver, kidneys, heart, spleen-only cooked) -fish up to 300g (give instead of meat no more than twice a week) -milk 500-600g -tvoroga-100-150g carrot grated 1-2 pieces -a small amount of the leaves of young nettles, dandelion, mint, celery, garlic, parsley -sunflower oil-up to 1st. spoon -salt-5-7G -one sandwich (rye bread with oil) For puppies of medium and small breeds the number of products is reduced accordingly.
The preparation of the basic drink:
The main drink give the puppy up to the age of four months. It is prepared as follows: 0.5 l of milk add incomplete tablespoon of honey and one egg yolk and mix thoroughly. Drink served in such a quantity how the puppy drinks at one time.
Cooking oatmeal, porridge:
Saniella do not boil, and pour boiling milk, cover with lid, after 30 minutes the porridge is ready .One-, two month old puppies supposed two tablespoons of oatmeal and 1/3 Cup milk. Instead of milk you can use broth or water, adding half a teaspoon of butter. Hercules is also given at cold, soaking it in yogurt or raw milk. Porridge (millet, buckwheat, rice, barley, I. D. p) is boiled with milk, fish, meat and bone broth or water. Served puppy porridge warm, but the temperature should not exceed 30 degrees. In addition to the cereal puppies prepare porridge from oat, rye, wheat and corn flour.
Fresh cheese with a high content of calcium:
In 1 liter of boiling milk add 2-4 tablespoons of 10% calcium chloride solution. Then throws in a colander and strain. The cottage cheese give the puppy warm. Calcinated curd is an invaluable tool for the prevention of rickets, especially in autumn and winter.
Cooking vegetable puree:
Method of cooking: vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, beets, turnips, etc.) cut into small cubes and stew over low heat in a little water until soft. When the vegetables are ready, add 2-3 tablespoons of cream or sour cream, stew for another 15 minutes and then wipe until pasty consistency. The number given vegetable puree depends on the age of the puppy and is 50-150g a day.
Mineral elements are essential components of feed dogs: these include the macro-elements: calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride -minerals: iron, copper, cobalt, zinc, manganese, iodine minerals in foods usually lack, so they must be able to add to the puppy food, the body basically lacks of phosphorus and calcium. These elements are necessary for growth and formation of bones. With 15 days to give puppy calcium glycerophosphate one pill, gradually bringing to 4 month up to 5-6 tablets a day. Mineral fertilizer can be made independently. It should include: 1)calcium glycerophosphate tablets -60 2)phytin-30 tablets 3)activated carbon-20 tablets 4)school chalk-3 sticks 5)yeast-1 box 6)ground egg shells-1 Cup All grind well in a coffee grinder and give the puppy 1/4 teaspoon, increasing the dose to a teaspoon about 4 months, and by year-up to 2 per day. To prevent the occurrence of rickets in food add bone flour, chalk, lime, phosphate, and vitamin D. it is Useful to give small portions of fresh raw liver, rich in vitamins and iron. It is advisable to give puppy food to a variety of vegetables and fruits in their raw form. Minerals puppies get when eating dry seaweed or various herbs, passed through a meat grinder (grass, puppies and adult dogs eat while walking on the street, is not a food, and serves as a washcloth to cleanse the bowels from accumulated hair and remove mucus).
***Sugar don’t give the puppies either in cereals or in other combinations. It has a harmful effect on teeth growth and metabolism, causing a variety of skin eruptions. ***Spices and sharp seasonings. ***Avoid products containing alcohol, which even in small doses cause in puppies the defeat of the stomach and the intestinal mucosa. ***Pork, pig’s head, smoked, it can cause digestive problems in puppies. ***Do not let your puppy (dog) bones, they clog up the intestines, causing complications, damage to the rectum and constipation. ***Not perecherkivaet puppy. Overfeeding is very dangerous and harmful for the puppy as this may cause hyperextension of the stomach, increased load on the kidneys and liver. In addition, overfeeding a puppy during the period of its intensive growth may cause abnormalities of the development of bone and failure of the musculo-ligamentous apparatus. The puppy should be fed frequently but in small portions, making sure that his belly was bloated from the food (this can cause the appearance of a hernia). ***River fish can only be given in cooked form – it is due to the fact that many freshwater fish are carriers of worms. If a healthy dog food systematically remains, then you should reduce his portion. Conversely, if the puppy is constantly licking the bowl, not long away from it after feeding, the portion should be increased. Sign of fullness the puppy is sleeping, hungry puppy is worried, crawls and whines. Indicative timetable the number of feedings of puppy are from 1 to 2 months. 5-6 times a day for 2 to 4 months. 4 times a day for 4 to 10 months. 3 times a day from 10 months to 2 times a day ***three weeks of age the puppy, provide drinking water, it is better to use glazed clay bowls. ***Puppy food should be varied, so the dog subsequently was adapted only to a specific feed. ***If the puppy for some reason or left a feed, it must immediately be removed and the next portion to give in the allotted time. ***To save the beautiful posture it is recommended that the dog be fed with the stand the height of which is determined by the height of the elbow of a dog or 5-10 cm above. Therefore, with the growth of the puppy you need to lift and stand. ***It is useful to add in puppy food eggs that are raw or soft-boiled. At the age of 1-2 months can be given one egg per day, then give no more than two eggs per week to avoid diathesis. ***The dog’s body is adapted mainly for the digestion of raw meat. Raw meat contains large amounts of b vitamins, which contributes to the development of the puppy. At the same time better absorbed cooked meat. Therefore, from the total quantity of meat should be given raw 3/4.