Guinea pig care and maintenance
Homemade Guinea pig is a peace — loving, calm animal care rear! Body length of 25 to 35 cm, the tail is usually absent. Adult male Guinea pig weighs 800-1500 g, and the female is 600-1200 g. Natural coloring brownish-grayish, with a lighter belly. Used as laboratory animals. Displayed many breeds, differing in structure, length and coat color. Breeds of domesticated Guinea pigs are divided into groups: short-haired (selfies, agouti and many others), longhaired (Shelties, texels, Peruvian, Merino, and others), wire-haired (the Abyssinians, American Teddy, Rex, etc.). The body structure of domestic Guinea pigs is significantly different from the structure of the bodies of their wild counterparts.
The content of Guinea pigs
For one or even several pigs need a cage that has a plastic tray with removable wire cage, and the floor has a size of 80 x 60 cm Cage should be from 35 to 50 cm in height and allow the animals to stand on their hind legs. It should be in a bright place, but in any case not in the draft. As bedding in the cage used sawdust or shavings. Bedding is changed regularly, at least once a week. Under the shavings to lay the paper. It makes cleaning easier. On shavings or sawdust spread straw or hay. The latter, moreover, outslugging food. To prevent the pollution’s so important to feed as hay, you can install a bird feeder. Bowl for feed, of oblivnye clay, feeder, drinker and the house with the hole complete the equipment of the cell.
Optimal ambient temperature for Guinea pigs 18-22°C With relative humidity 40— 70%
A walk around the apartment, and in good weather is possible in the garden Guinea pig very happy, but this is not a vital measure for their content.
What to feed a Guinea pig
The main feed Guinea pigs — a quality hay . it should be freely available in both winter and summer. Due to the special structure of the digestive system, pigs eat food often and in small portions. The hay helps to normalize the digestive tract, in addition, largely due to Cena properly grind off the teeth. Second place grain food or feed is a special mix for the pigs. Guinea pigs tend not to overeating. You should carefully read the feeding recommendations listed on the packs of ready made food. The feed should be diluted or prepared grain granular feed, following percentage.
Usually corn feed given to the pigs twice a day in small portions (one or two tablespoons). Pregnant and nursing females are fed 3-4 times a day. In third place — juicy foods (apples, lettuce, carrots, beets, cucumber, etc.). You should not feed pigs in large chunks of cabbage, in large quantities it can cause bloating. If you give a pig grated carrots, soon you’ll have to carry her to the vet for trimming incisors. If you do not want to do unpleasant Guinea pig, remember not to give them grated vegetables. Sweet fruits/berries (e.g., pear) pigs to give is not worth it. In summer, pigs fed grass. Winter, autumn – hay. Also, the house can grow oats and wheat.
Breeding Guinea pigs
Females become sexually Mature already 28-35 days of life, sometimes in exceptional cases with 20 males from about 60 to 75 days of life. If breeding Guinea pigs is undesirable, animals should be already pre-separated by gender. Mature, however, they will be much later. Females are allowed for breeding only at the age of four or five, possibly six months, and males six to seven months.
After a period of gestation in 59-74 days (average 68 days old) are born from one to six cubs. Wherein when a first baby is often born only one or two cubs. There are breeds of Guinea pigs, in which the first offspring is often four to five individuals, but as a rule, it starts from the second litter. Six are born rarely, a litter of seven or eight. Pregnancy in young animals takes on the upper boundary, most young animals at the lower end of this term.
In about three to four weeks after mating, with careful probing it is possible to feel the fetus in the womb. Childbirth in Guinea pigs body especially when multiple pregnancy is greatly increased in volume, outwardly pass almost unnoticed.
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