Pets for kids: their significance in child development

Animals loved by all children. Usually at the age of 6-8 years the child begins to ask their parents to buy him a kitten, puppy, Guinea pig, hamster, whatever it is, if only some living creature, because children appreciate communicating with animals. But many adults in the appearance of the house four-legged friend only see problems. Frightened by possible aggression from the pet to the baby, the need to constantly take care of and clean up after your pet. However, if you pick an animal that is appropriate to the child’s age, his character and interests, the most unpleasant moments can be avoided.

The role of animals in child development

Pedagogical aspect

A pet is not only a source of warmth, affection and a friend, but has a huge impact on a child’s development. Next to the four-legged friend, the child learns to be organized and disciplined. A pet teaches a child responsibility for others. The child realizes that the animal is not a toy. and needs daily care, feed, walk. Communication skills with a pet will help your child in adult life, he will learn to answer for their actions. Depending on the age of the child is determined and the degree of responsibility in relation to pet.So, at the age of 3 years the child can walk the dog or cat together with parents to help scoop food, to make sure that the animal always has clean water to drink. Child 7-9 years you can trust yourself to walk a small four-legged friend. In 14-15 years old child can become the owner of the animal and bear the most responsibility for it.

Social adaptation

Four-legged friend for a child is the best psychologist and the assistant in matters of social adaptation. Children who have a dog, are easier than others join a new team and make friends. A dog can help a shy child come into contact with peers in the yard to find mates. The kids in the neighborhood will definitely start asking about the animal, try to play with him, so communication between children start up by itself. Joint walking pet can unite even the most reticent of children.

Physical development

Pet contributes to the physical development of the child. When the child walks with the dog, playing with her ball, he is in constant motion, he develops the right coordination. In addition, contact with animals reduces stress, facilitates relationships within the family.

Intellectual development

A pet helps the child get acquainted with the surrounding world. Four-legged friend is the first source of knowledge about nature. Child watches your pet, his / her behavior and notes the reaction of a stroke, on different teams. The animal is also important in the sensory development of the child. Through the senses the child perceives the objects and learns to call them: the shape, size, color, smell, movement, texture of hair, the location, etc. Communicating with Pets and develops logical thinking. The child is learning to see linkages and dependencies. For example, if the cat is at the bowl and meows – then she’s hungry if the dog rushes to the door, jumps up and wags its tail — it means she wants to walk. The animal is the source of the various activities in which the child develops powers of observation, curiosity, develops imagination.

Moral development

The animal allows the child to experience early experiences and joy. Four-legged friend creates positive emotions, which is very important, because in the modern world experience the most and not enough. Dealing with pet, the child develops a sense of beauty, he learns to see the natural beauty. Attentive attitude to cattle, which shows the child is transferred to them and to the entire animal world in General.

What kind of pet to choose for the child

Child 3-4 years At this age the child actively perceives the world around. To have a pet already, but to care for him while it is necessary adults. Children 3-4 years old it is better to have aquarium fish, parrot, hamster, Guinea pig or rabbit. The child must first tell about the habits of the animal, characteristics. First, the child will simply observe how parents caring for a pet, and then progressively engage in the nursing process. It should be remembered that children are able in the most unexpected ways to demonstrate their interest in living creatures: to get the fish out of the aquarium to hold it in your palms, Pat the bird, wash a hamster. Therefore, adults should always be careful not to allow children to perform these actions. You need to explain to your child that you can’t do that, otherwise the pet can get sick. Child 5-6 years At this age child’s responsibilities for caring for a pet can be extended. In 5-6 years already can be trusted to wash the drinker, pour their own food and pour water into the bowl. But as long as this child must do it under the supervision of adults. For children of this age can make aquarium fish, birds, Guinea pig, rabbit, hamster. The child of 7-8 years old Children at this age can care for a pet already almost independently. Very helpful will be reading stories about animals in which children can learn new information about the habits and characteristics of various representatives of the animal world. Adults should make it clear to the children that animals need to create conditions close to natural, and they need to be fed what they eat in nature. In order for the child to gain skills caring for different animals, and conducted a comparative observation of their behavior, you can have multiple Pets, for example, parrot and fish. Elementary school age child can have the same animals as for earlier ages, as well as a dog or cat. But caring for four-legged have not yet fully passed on to the child.

What you should consider before buying a pet

First, you need to understand that the pet you get not only the child but also yourself. If the child is still small, most of the responsibilities for the care of the pet will fall exactly on your shoulders. Think, are you ready to take on new responsibility and new concerns. Setting the stage for the animal, you bring a new family member that will require not only a lot of attention, time, and certain cash costs. Also worth thinking about whether you housing to have a pet. If you live in your own home, you can make any animal. And in a small apartment even fish may not be the right place. If you still are not ready to contain your pet, it is better not to start. Otherwise, when you decide to give the animal, it can become a great tragedy for both the child and pet.

Hazards arising from animals

Animals can be a danger to children. First of all, it’s an Allergy. If a child or someone in the house is prone to allergic reactions, animal plant is not recommended. Also, many animals are carrier of various infections, which are very easy to pick up the child. So if you bring a pet, you need to show it to the vet and be tested. The danger may come from large breed dogs. These dogs are physically stronger than the child, so better not to start. Also not recommended to buy dogs with an unbalanced psyche. If you choose the right pet, take a responsible approach to its education, to provide thorough care, all danger can be minimized.

Weigh all the “pros” and “cons” and choose the exact pet that is most suitable for your child. Believe me, it will be the best gift! Good luck!

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