Smoking and Pets
It is well known that Smoking harms our health and the health of those around us. But how many know that Smoking also harms the health of our Pets?
Inhalation of air containing products of Smoking are called secondhand smoke. Hand smoke of Smoking products enter the body from two sources — from the air exhaled by the smoker, and from products of combustion of a cigarette, pipe or cigar. Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals, including carbon monoxide, formaldehyde and arsenic, as well as nicotine, tar and carcinogens — substances that cause cancer.
Our Pets are passive smokers not only because they directly inhale the smoke, but also because they lick up the toxic substances deposited on their fur from contaminated air. Moreover, each of these substances may increase the risk of cancer. In addition, there is a danger that the animal will accidentally eat items that contain nicotine — a cigarette or cigarette butt, picked up at home or while walking, on the side of the road. Nicotine is also often used as an insecticide!
Below we consider the dangerous consequences that can result from passive Smoking different types of Pets, as well as the methods by which you can protect the health of their Pets.
Cats and secondhand smoke
Cats are more susceptible to second-hand smoke than dogs. It is most likely from the fact that dogs are often outside and wash them more often. Apart from the fact that cats inhale the air filled with carcinogens, they also lick themselves, kisiwa deposited on wool harmful substances and particles of smoke. As a result, in cats living in a family of smokers, most often new tumors in the mouth, called squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is a particularly fast-paced, deadly type of cancer. More than 90% of cats with this diagnosis die within a year.
Another consequence of passive Smoking for cats — cancer of the lymph nodes. 75% of cats with this diagnosis die within a year. The probability of disease of cats living in a family of smokers, on average, 2.5 times higher than in cats from non-Smoking families. Moreover, the probability of risk is higher the longer the owner smokes. So, the risk of disease increases 3 times in cats living in Smoking family for over 5 years and in cases where the owners smoke more packs of cigarettes per day. The risk of disease increases 4 times in cats, if the family smoke two or more people.
Constant exposure to tobacco smoke can also cause lung disease and irritation of the eyes, to cause heavy breathing, coughing and hyperventilation. As a result of passive Smoking cats can become lethargic and depressed.
Dogs and passive Smoking
Dogs also suffer from the harmful effects of passive Smoking. The representatives of breeds with long noses, such as collies, 2.5 times more likely to develop cancer of the nasal cavities than in the same dogs from non-Smoking families. This comes from the fact that these dogs have a large surface that can adhere to the carcinogens from tobacco smoke. Dogs with cancer of the nasal cavities do not survive the year.
Dogs with short noses such as pugs and bulldogs are unable to filter carcinogens out of inhaled air. Therefore, they are under the influence of carcinogens from smoke just as smokers themselves. From this they increase the risk of developing lung cancer. According to the study, dogs subjected to passive Smoking in a 1.6 fold increase in the risk of lung cancer than dogs from non-Smoking families.
Dogs are constantly exposed to tobacco smoke are more prone to lung diseases and eye irritation. Passive Smoking is a cause of heavy breathing, coughing and hyperventilation. It can lead to lethargy and depression. Just like cats, dogs lick their fur, resulting in their organism carcinogens.
Accidental ingestion of items containing nicotine
Another danger is the accidental ingestion of products containing nicotine — cigarettes, cigars, or chewing tobacco, nicotine gum, patches, etc. At risk are puppies and dogs that love to chew toys. This toy by accident may be, for example, found on the street or cigarettes lying around the house half-empty box of chewing tobacco. Cosham also might want to play with the butt — lash out at him as prey, or to chew.
The bitter taste of tobacco quickly repels the animal from a found object. However, a small amount of nicotine can cause serious and even fatal poisoning. For dogs toxic dose of nicotine is 20 to 100 mg depending on the brand, one cigarette contains 15-30 mg of nicotine. This means that your animal may show signs of poisoning after eating just one cigarette! The nicotine patch contains 114 mg of nicotine. In the stub remains more than 25% of the nicotine that is 4-8 mg of nicotine. So your dog can poison only eaten 3 of the butt.
Exotic Pets and passive Smoking
Exotic animals such as birds, rabbits and rats have very sensitive respiratory systems and are particularly susceptible to the effects of any contaminants. It is therefore not surprising that they suffer from the harmful effects of passive Smoking just like cats and dogs. The exotic animals kept in a family of smokers, increases the risk of lung cancer and pneumonia.
How to protect Pets from secondhand smoke?
The best remedy for the protection of animals from passive Smoking is to quit Smoking. If you already thought to quit, perhaps now is a good time to do it — for your health and for the health of your Pets.
If you’re not ready to say goodbye to Smoking, it is recommended to stop Smoking at home. Ask also your friends. Smoking permanently contaminate your home and car. Therefore, it is best never to smoke in places where non-smokers visit your relatives, as well as animals. Alternatively, you can provide a separate room for Smoking, protecting your Pets from the risk of passive Smoking.
Regular cleaning and cleaning to eliminate the remaining smoke and toxins, which are deposited on the fur of your pet, especially cats.
Unfortunately, many toxic by-products of Smoking are gases. To remove them from the room ventilation, it takes several hours. Good ventilation and installing air filters help to speed up the process. Choose HEPA filters (prefilter for the detention of large particles). Avoid ionizers, because they produce ozone can cause irritation of the respiratory tract as in humans and in animals.
Remember that used products of Smoking, including ash, chewing nicotine gum and used nicotine patches still contain residual nicotine. So keep them outside the availability zone of the animals. This will reduce the likelihood that the animal will accidentally eat them.
When you bring your pet for a walk, make sure that it is not accidentally picked up from the road strange things, like cigarette butts. Discarded chewing tobacco can attract dogs, as they often add flavorings and sugar that hide the natural bitter taste.
Talk to your vet. He may be able to recommend supplements that contain antioxidants that reduce the risk of carcinogenic effects. Smoking owners also should be aware that regular checkups at the vet is best done not once a year, as is often recommended, but every 4-6 months. Regular teeth cleaning at the vet will help to diagnose cancer of the oral cavity of cats.
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